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The cutest curly cues in cytology

Definition time!

Curschmann spirals show up in TTWs and BALs secondary to any condition that causes increased mucus production (often seen with chronic bronchitis). They look like cute little...

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Quick tip for mammary masses

Mammary tumor cytology can be soooo annoying in that malignant tumors can look benign and vice versa. Histopath is your best bet when it comes to determining the malignant potential of mammary...

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Mammary cytology can be a real pain

This case is a prime example of how unreliable mammary mass cytology can be. 

A 13 year old female, spayed dog was seen by her vet for a mass on her ventrum which turned out to be coming from...

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Signs of a toxic neutrophil

Toxic changes are seen in circulating neutrophils (i.e. in the blood smear) with inflammatory responses. Features of toxic change include: 

Dohle bodies

Cytoplasmic basophilia


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Do you know what stacking of RBCs is called?

Definition time!

Rouleaux can be seen normally in cats and horses. In dogs, it is seen with pathologies/processes that result in hyperglobulinemia such as inflammation, antigenic stimulation, and...

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The importance of a manual platelet count: you HAVE to do them!

It is essential to check a blood smear when your CBC analyzer tells you a patient is thrombocytopenic!

In these cases, it’s so important to microscopically evaluate the smear and do a manual...

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